Majorca or Mallorca is the largest island in the Balearic Islands archipelago, which are part of Spain and located in the mediterranean sea. Majorca is the largest island of Spain by area (3640 sqm) and second most populated with nearly 900000 residents. The name derives from Latin insula maior, "larger island"; later Maiorica, "the larger one" in comparison to Minorca, "the smaller one".
The capital of the island, Palma, is also the capital of the autonomous community of the Balearic Islands. The Balearic Islands have been an autonomous region of Spain since 1983.
Like the other Balearic Islands of Minorca, Ibiza and Formentera, the island is an extremely popular holiday destination (nearly 14 million tourists in 2015). The international airport, Palma de Mallorca Airport, is one of the busiest in Spain.
The natural beauty together with mediterranean weather (hot dry summers and mild winters) are the main reason why this Island has been so popular as a holiday destination. Mallorca attracts people with a very diverse landscape from the rocky Tramuntana Mountainous region in the North-West to the flat plains in the centre of the Island as well as the beautiful beaches and bays all around the island. The high relavant tourist attractions are the gothic cathedral and the castle of Bellver in the capital Palma, the Cap Formentor (northest point of the island), the variety of caves both above and below sea, Valldemossa - one of the most beautiful villages in the world, the sanctuary of Lluc, the railway of Sóller and the natural reserve of the dragonera island.
As diversified as the landscape and the tourist attractions are the innumerous activities that the island has to offer: Mallorca is very famous for its beautiful golf-resorts and has also become the mecca for european cycling escapes. Of course all kind of watersport-activities are offered all around the island, and families will be pleased by many fun-parcs like the marineland or PalmAquarium.